The European Parliament (EP)

Institutes: "What we all know?", What is the European Parliament in fact?

The EP and the Confidence

The highest level of confidence index in connection with the EU and its Institutes was measured in Hungary. But do we know which these are, what they are doing and how they work? According to a Euro barometer survey the leaders on the list are the EU and UNO among the institutes and organizations which the Hungarians trust in. Similarly to the above results, approximately half of the population trusts them. Only 10 per cent of Hungarians trust in their own national political parties. This is the reason why the majority of Hungarians think that more decisions should be taken at the level of the EU.

A significant proportion of EU citizens (89 %) are aware of the existence of the European Parliament. Somewhat fewer people (78 %) have heard about the European Committee. Less than half of the EU people (48 %) trust in the European Parliament and even less (44 %) trust in the European Union. (Slovakia and Belgium have the highest rate and the United Kingdom has the lowest rate.) The level of confidence in certain institutes, also in Hungary, lags behind their familiarity. Half of the people asked in Hungary (50 %) trust in the European Committee and the level of confidence in the European Parliament is a bit higher (57 %).

European ParliamentHungaryEU 27
heard about91 %89 %
trust57 %48 %

Brief history of the European Parliament

All the parliamentary groups work as an internal organization, by appointing a chairman, (a few of the groups two co-chairs), a bureau and a secretariat.

In the Chamber the seats are distributed on the basis of political affiliation starting from left to right with the consent of the Group Chairmen.

To establish a parliamentary group, 25 Members are needed who have to represent at least one quarter of the member states. Members may not belong to more than one Political Group!

There are Members who do not belong to any Political Groups, they are the non-attached Members. Prior to every vote of the plenary assembly the political groups examine the reports submitted by the parliamentary committees and present their modified proposals.

The agreement to be made by the Group is concluded by internal consensus in the Group; none of the Group Members are obliged to vote.

The culture of debates differs from that of the national parliaments: compromise - a co-deciding factor for the associate Members.


Annamária Czugler